Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
Ex) Article Title, Author, Keywords
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 126 37
Abstract : The purpose of this study was to analyze the changes in pre-service teachers’ noticing through an elementary mathematics methods course along with a practicum. For this purpose, the comments pre-service teachers made on an entire video-based mathematics lesson were collected three times over the semester. Their comments were analyzed in terms of topic, actor, stance, evidence, and alternative strategy. The results showed that the pre-service teachers’ noticing abilities were slightly changed after learning mathematical content and pedagogy related to teaching elementary mathematics. Substantial changes in their noticing occurred after a four-week practicum and subsequent discussions on their own lesson planning, implementation, and reflections. This study has implications for designing a mathematics methods course to develop teacher expertise and refining a teacher noticing analytic framework.
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 323 39
Abstract : This paper aims to present how video production is impacting the classroom, mathematics students and teachers in Brazil, as well as mathematics knowledge production developed with this media. Digital video Festivals with mathematical content are being implemented in Brazil, locally and nationally. One of them is Mathematics Education Digital Video Festival, organized by the Research Group in Informatics, Other Media and Mathematics Education, GPIMEM. In this century, video is earning space as a pedagogical approach in either face-to-face or distance education, even before the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, considering social distance, the use of videos became an imposed reality to students and teachers. Students and teachers with different level of experience or age started to realize possible positive effects regarding the reorganization of the classroom by the presence of mathematical videos. However, other aspects provided negative effects: for example, inequalities in homes and mobile access impacted equal opportunity to all. This paper will summarize the use of mathematical video in the last century and discuss what is happening this century. We will revise some research developed, mainly in Brazil, that shows how the classroom does not fit in a parallelepiped model. Internet, videos and software combined are "things" that have agency and are co-participating in learning and teaching mathematics. The organization of festivals of videos have become important not only in Brazil but elsewhere in many formats either nationally or internationally, in a way to create challenges, exhibitions, cultural mix that aim to show mathematics applications to the general public. In particular, this article reports on parts of a qualitative research that investigated participants of the first edition of the referred national festival. As a result, we look for the comprehension of following the discussions of qualitative transformations regarding the use of videos in classrooms and mathematics knowledge production, as this new setting suggests that digital technologies arrived in XXI century to collaborate with learning. This article will be supported by a theoretical perspective on technology based on the notion of humans-withmedia. In such a perspective knowledge is seen as being constructed by humans and different media and different artifacts. This article shows how such a perspective may help us to cope with the classroom of the XXI century, including the classroom that during the pandemic include students' and teachers' homes.
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 63 18
Abstract : In this paper we report on a case study involving four Chinese students; the aim of the study was to develop a conceptual framework for investigating student participation in a collaborative task in mathematics. Building on previous research on student participation, we defined student participation in a collaborative task in mathematics as the process of taking part in student interactions and task completions. A video recording and transcript of students involved with collaborative task in mathematics were analyzed. Four categories (initiation, response, evaluation, and non-interactive) were created for analyzing the students' interactions. The four students showed different approaches to communicating with other group members. The content of the group's discussion was examined in terms of the negotiation process. By looking at the content of the group's discussion, the process how the group work on the task could be revealed. We identified that students showed involvement in the group discussion by proposing and revisiting topics. It was found that through forming an interactive pair, students might be able to take up the leading role in working on the task and controlling the conversation of the group.
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 72 25
Abstract : We examined the relationships between mathematics achievement and collaborative problem solving, which has been emphasized as the 21st century skills. Focusing on moderating effects of attitude toward working with others, we analyzed the PISA 2015 data for binational comparison between Korean and the U.S. Random-intercept linear models - where the intercepts vary across schools while slopes are fixed across schools - were applied to the data including 5,545 students in Korea and 5,564 in the U.S. The findings showed the positive linear relationships between mathematics achievement and collaborative problem solving as expected, but the slope was remarkably higher in the Korean model. However, we found no significant moderating effects of attitude toward working with others on the relationship between mathematics achievement and collaborative problem solving. Particularly, students in Korea and the U.S. are likely to have similarly low scores in mathematics achievement when their collaborative problem solving scores are low. However, Korean students would have even higher mathematics achievement scores if students in Korea and the U.S. have similarly high collaborative problem solving scores. The findings suggest the necessity for further scrutinies on attitude toward working with others and research on teaching and learning the 21st century skills in an integrated way.
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 171 22
Abstract : Characterised by increased automation and digitalisation of work processes, the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) has displaced and redesigned many existing jobs, and will create new occupations that are currently non-existent. To prepare a future workforce that is adaptive amid a volatile employment landscape, schools should provide the necessary learning experiences to help students today develop transferrable competencies, which encompass deep conceptual understanding of domain-specific knowledge and 21st century competencies in the cognitive, intrapersonal, and interpersonal domains. In this paper, we study this possibility in the context of mathematics learning and propose a constructivist learning design (CLD) that affords students to engage in deeper learning processes. In the proposed CLD, students first work collaboratively to solve a complex problem targeting a math concept that they have yet to learn, before being engaged in instruction that builds upon their solutions in the teaching of the concept, and practices that reinforce these ideas. Testing CLD in mathematics learning at secondary level via a quasi-experimental design, we found out that (1) CLD facilitates deeper learning as it encouraged students to apply their cognitive, intrapersonal, and interpersonal competencies, and (2) CLD students (n=23) outperformed their Direct Instruction counterparts (n=18) on mathematical conceptual understanding and transfer. Overall, this study suggests that the CLD has the potential to cultivate competencies that allow students to transfer in novel situations, rendering it as a possible learning environment to better prepare students for the 4IR.
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 162 26
Abstract : The purpose of this study is to propose socio-critically open-ended problems (SCOEPs) as a novel theoretical framework for nurturing students' critical mathematical literacy while respecting diverse values embedded in transscientific problems. First, we outline the socially open-ended problem─which is of current interest to Japanese researchers of critical mathematics education─and describe its nature and significance. Second, we derive issues from current research on social justice and ethics in mathematics education using a literature interpretive methodology and build a theoretical framework of SCOEPs to develop socially open-ended problems. We present several potential examples of classroom practices based on the SCOEPs framework that were implemented in Japanese schools to explore the impact of these questions on student's engagement and thinking processes. We found evidence that the objectives of nurturing both social judgment skills within an ethical framework, as well as fostering mathematically and socially diverse solutions for authentic problems are integrated in SCOEPs. The framework can be described as the coexistence of the process of fostering social decision-making through mathematical thinking and the process of critically considering mathematical thinking to achieve social justice. This proposal has significant implications for the future directions of mathematics education in the 21st century.
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 40 23
Zahra Gooya1, Soheila Gholamazad2
Abstract : World is divided into six continent and within each, there are many separate regions called “countries”. Some are called “first world”, trying to dominate the others whom are known as “third world” and rarely, people enquire about the “second world” in between (We are aware of this political/ideological division as aftermath of the World War II and the notion of “three worlds” suggested by Mao Zedong)! The claim is that this division has nothing to do with “ranking” the countries, but it is culturally weird to hear “ordinal numbers” and not giving them “values” of either “priority” or “inferiority”! And in the midst of everything, the world faced a horrible phenomenon called Covid-19 that soon became a pandemic! Within a short period of time, the whole world, despite of any ranking, felt how fragile and hopeless is in the battle with this monster! And yet, it is soon to expect that decision makers who govern the world, must be aware that without well- being of everyone, there is no other way to defeat the virus. This is an irony! Isn’t it? No matter how wealthy or poor, dominant or dominated, so- called developed or developing the countries are, in our view, they only have one solution to this devastating problem that is to know that the world is connected and no part of it is in joy while others are in pain! Hopefully, we are entering a new era of deeper understanding of what humanity is! A big lesson to be taught by the opportunity that Covid-19 created for human beings! Thus far, Corona and Covid-19 pandemic is not just a treat but a wake- up call for humanity to believe that “If you’ve no sympathy for human pain, the name of human you cannot retain!”
전자저널 논문| 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 91 73
Abstract : The 21st Century is characterised by technological advances which is the Fourth Industrial Revolution, climate change, and the COVID19 pandemic, for examples. The role of mathematics in each of these phenomena has been central and crucial. As such, it is an opportune time now to take stock of events that are (re-)shaping the world, so that we can better facilitate mathematics education in schools. Three themes are identified and discussed in this article, namely the convergence of mathematics pedagogical approaches, mathematics proficiencies, and students' mathematical wellbeing.
Frequency : Quarterly
Jeong-Won Noh1, Kyeong-Hwa Lee2, Sung-Jae Moon3